Key Elements

Observation process entails three steps as provided here that are facilitated by educational developers who are expected to be familiar with the CoI theory of online education, and ideally, with experience in online teaching or supporting online educators. Online educators should initiate the process by requesting an observation.

© Mahdavi, F, 2020

For source of this figure and its background research, refer to:

Mahdavi, F. (2020). Designing a Protocol for Developmental Observation of Online

Teaching. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from